php利用百度地图API进行IP定位和GPS定位

来源:博客园 分类: 文章浏览史 发布时间:2020-03-27 22:58:38 最后更新:2020-03-27 浏览:96
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摘录时间:
2020-03-27 22:58:38

最近在做一个手机端的webapp地图应用,而核心内容当然是定位了,但是定位的话有几种方式,IP定位,GPS定位,基站定位(这个貌似webapp用不了), 那么剩下核心的gps定位和ip定位了,我们知道,html5有定位API,但是该API拿到的GPS数据是硬件坐标,无法直接显示在地图上。 后来上百度LBS云看到有地图IP定位API和GPS坐标转换API,地址:http://developer.baidu.com/map/ 百度地图API的调用需要申请KEY,这里就不具体介绍了,直接贴上本人写了两个关键方法,为了方便前台调用,返回数据采用以下格式 

{
    address: "北京市海淀区西二旗北路",
    province: "北京市",
    city: "北京市",
    street: "西二旗北路",
    street_number: "",
    city_code: 131,
    lng: 116.3207676804,
    lat: 40.064084055578
}

 核心类

<?php
 
/**
 * @author xialei <xialeistudio@gmail.com>
 */
class map
{
 private static $_instance;
 
 const REQ_GET = 1;
 const REQ_POST = 2;
 
 /**
  * 单例模式
  * @return map
  */
 public static function instance()
 {
  if (!self::$_instance instanceof self)
  {
   self::$_instance = new self;
  }
  return self::$_instance;
 }
 
 /**
  * 执行CURL请求
  * @author: xialei<xialeistudio@gmail.com>
  * @param $url
  * @param array $params
  * @param bool $encode
  * @param int $method
  * @return mixed
  */
 private function async($url, $params = array(), $encode = true, $method = self::REQ_GET)
 {
  $ch = curl_init();
  if ($method == self::REQ_GET)
  {
   $url = $url . '?' . http_build_query($params);
   $url = $encode ? $url : urldecode($url);
   curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
  }
  else
  {
   curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
   curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
   curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $params);
  }
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_REFERER, '百度地图referer');
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 7_0 like Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/537.51.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/7.0 Mobile/11A465 Safari/9537.53');
  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
  $resp = curl_exec($ch);
  curl_close($ch);
  return $resp;
 }
 
 /**
  * ip定位
  * @param string $ip
  * @return array
  * @throws Exception
  */
 public function locationByIP($ip)
 {
  //检查是否合法IP
  if (!filter_var($ip, FILTER_VALIDATE_IP))
  {
   throw new Exception('ip地址不合法');
  }
  $params = array(
    'ak' => '百度地图API KEY',
    'ip' => $ip,
    'coor' => 'bd09ll'//百度地图GPS坐标
  );
  $api = 'http://api.map.baidu.com/location/ip';
  $resp = $this->async($api, $params);
  $data = json_decode($resp, true);
  //有错误
  if ($data['status'] != 0)
  {
   throw new Exception($data['message']);
  }
  //返回地址信息
  return array(
    'address' => $data['content']['address'],
    'province' => $data['content']['address_detail']['province'],
    'city' => $data['content']['address_detail']['city'],
    'district' => $data['content']['address_detail']['district'],
    'street' => $data['content']['address_detail']['street'],
    'street_number' => $data['content']['address_detail']['street_number'],
    'city_code' => $data['content']['address_detail']['city_code'],
    'lng' => $data['content']['point']['x'],
    'lat' => $data['content']['point']['y']
  );
 }
 
 
 /**
  * GPS定位
  * @param $lng
  * @param $lat
  * @return array
  * @throws Exception
  */
 public function locationByGPS($lng, $lat)
 {
  $params = array(
    'coordtype' => 'wgs84ll',
    'location' => $lat . ',' . $lng,
    'ak' => '百度地图API KEY',
    'output' => 'json',
    'pois' => 0
  );
  $resp = $this->async('http://api.map.baidu.com/geocoder/v2/', $params, false);
  $data = json_decode($resp, true);
  if ($data['status'] != 0)
  {
   throw new Exception($data['message']);
  }
  return array(
    'address' => $data['result']['formatted_address'],
    'province' => $data['result']['addressComponent']['province'],
    'city' => $data['result']['addressComponent']['city'],
    'street' => $data['result']['addressComponent']['street'],
    'street_number' => $data['result']['addressComponent']['street_number'],
    'city_code'=>$data['result']['cityCode'],
    'lng'=>$data['result']['location']['lng'],
    'lat'=>$data['result']['location']['lat']
  );
 }
}

 

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